Programmed initiative for Monga Eradication (PRIME)

PRIME was aimed at contributing to the national efforts of confronting the extreme consequences of Monga in economically vulnerable Greater Rangpur region.


Objectives of the PRIME:


  • To prevent the consequences of Monga by generating income through wage employment and self-employment opportunities for the Monga-affected people throughout the year.


 


Targeted Households:

The Monga-affected households identified using the following criteria:

  • Have monthly income not more than 4000 taka during Monga.
  • Earn livelihood through selling their labor i.e. solely dependent on day labour.
  • Have less than or equal to 50 decimals of land.

Main Components of PRIME



COMPONENT

Characteristics

1

Group Formation

Group is an informal social institution guided by rules and principles having 15-25 PRIME beneficiaries. It helps communication between Organization and beneficiaries. until June 2015 there are 384 group already created and running successfully.

2

Flexible Micro credit

FMC offered to PRIME beneficiaries according to cash flow. Flexibility in volume and conditions. Using FMC, beneficiaries undertake different farming and/or off-farm related IGAs. In the FY 2014-15 up to June 2015 total loan outstanding 3.43 core taka and savings 1.58 Core taka.

3

Emergency loan

EL is provided to support the emergency need of PRIME beneficiaries so as to divert them from further marginalization and to protect their resource base. In case of water crisis of  Dacope  Upazila. We also provided more then 1900 Gazi tank by using this EL to the Beneficiaries.

4

Skill development and vocational training

Some of them are role model in the dacope upazila in different categories of IGA. Broiler rearing, vegetable cultivation and goat/sheep are most successful from them.
Until June 2015 there is 1825 beneficiary already got different Farming and off farm IGAs training and most of them are capable to running their farm to got technical knowledge from the training.
Providing demand driven vocational training on different trades to ensure wage and self-employment.
Off-farm IGAs.
Improving skill of PRIME beneficiaries on different farming and

5

Technical services

Extend year-round technical assistance for implementation of farming and off-farm IGAs through field level technical staff.

6

Primary Health care services

Address the potential morbidity of PRIME households and thus prevent their asset/health depletion. Till June 2015 we provided 25 general health camp 12 especial health camps and 4 Eye camp. There are 40 cataracts operation already completed and they are enjoying the world after the successful operation.

7

Disaster management

Create temporary wage employment as regular income source is threatened due to natural disaster or seasonal joblessness and
Help sustain the community infrastructure. Supply of fresh drinking water especially in coastal areas in post disaster Period.



Activities of PRIME:

In an effort to take full advantage of a sustainable and a coordinated approach in eradicating Monga, PRIME has been implementing its year- round interventions providing flexible microcredit (FMC) to the members, involving them in different income generating activities (IGAs) supplemented with relevant technical assistance, developing their skills through training and providing primary health care supports to them.


Year-round special Interventions under PRIME up to June/15
Categories of Activities Type of Support
Skill development training Agriculture
Live stock & Fisheries
Off Farm
Vocational training Mechanical
Electrical
Health Camp General health Camp
Specialized Health camp
Eye camp


Seed Distribution:


As a year round intervention of PRIME project we provided different types of seed to the enrolled beneficiaries to ensure vitamin containing vegetable production on the household level.  Provided seeds are – Misti Kumra, Data Shak, Seem, Chal Kumra, Pui shak, Lau, Lal shak, Kalmi shak etc.


Providing Flexible Microcredit to PRIME Beneficiaries:
 

Flexible microcredit (FMC) programmed specially designed for the extreme poor is one of the most valued interventions of PRIME. Under the scheme, Monga-affected poor can borrow money from MFIs under flexible loan contract- i.e. flexibility in loan size, and repayment mode as well as requirement of savings.

 

Involving PRIME beneficiaries in IGAs:


All PRIME beneficiaries who borrowed FMC were involved in either crop related or livestock related or non-farming income generating activities (IGAs).

Crop related IGAs include specific crop pattern based farming, commercial production of vegetables and fruit, nursery, homestead gardening, etc. Livestock related IGAs include goat rearing, Koyal rearing, Pigon rearing, sheep rearing, beef fattening, dairy cattle rearing, commercial production of layer or broiler, or semi-commercial production of sonali chicken, duck, etc. Non-farming IGAs include small business, tailoring, production of bamboo or cane craft etc.


Demonstration IGAs Implemented by PRIME beneficiaries Under the four branches
Time frame Total
Trade Category 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-16(T)
Agriculture - 68 64 54 24 210
Livestock - 72 172 55 62 361
Fishery - 40 38 36 27 141
Model Farm 3 40 112 - 155
Vermi compost plant - 40 235 4 4 283
Small Business - - - 4 8 12


Category wise member Divination:

Depending on different income generating activities, sustainable productive assets that are created after involving with PRIME, loan amount and monthly income per head of the enrolled benefiters are divided into three different categories. There are as-


  1. Vulnerable Ultra poor = income less than 600 taka/capita
  2. Transient Ultra poor = income less than 1200 taka /  capita
  3. Graduate member= Sustainable IGA with more than 20000 taka monthly income and per capita income more than 1200 taka.